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HERPES VIRUS

Definition

These viruses cause diseases in vertebrates including fish. Records dating back 400 years refer to "carp pox"; however, the first isolates from salmonid fishes date back to the 1970s. Herpes viruses are important in many cultured fish species ( e.g., Cyprinids, Anguillids, Percids and others). The herpes viruses mimic their counterparts in higher vertebrates in the diversity of diseases they can induce. The most important types known are the Herpesvirus salmonis (rainbow trout and other salmon herpes virus such as OMV (Oncorhynchus masou virus), Herpesvirus ictaluri (Channel Catfish Virus (CCV), Herpesvirus vitreum (Stizostedion vitrium ), eel herpesvirus, and Herpesvirus cyprini (carp pox). Herpes viruses have also been implicated in epizootic epidermal papillomatosis in European smelt.

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