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CLAM

Definition

A common non-specific name used colloquially for a wide range of bivalve molluscs which are generally classified under the subclass Heterodonta (with the notable exception of the Unionidae). Under the term "clam", members of the following families are commonly named: Gardiidae (Clinocardium nuttalli); Mactridae (Spisula solidissima); Solenidae (Siliquis patula); Veneridae (Arctica islandica, Mercenaria mercenaria, M. campechiensis, Protothaca staminea, Saxidomus gigantes, Tapes philippinarum, Tresus capax); Myacidae (Mya arenaria); Hiatellidae (Panope generosa). Bottom culture and tray culture are also practised.

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