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CODE OF PRACTICE

Definition

To achieve certain environmental or management objectives, many industries and agencies have developed Codes of Best Practice or Codes of Conduct (in some cases Guidelines) for specific purposes. For example, ICES (International Council for the Exploration of the Sea) has developed a Code of Practice on "The Introduction of non-indigenous marine species" in order to provide guidance on the risks associated with the transfer of parasites, diseases and exotic species into habitats where they could do harm. Codes are being developed in relation to fish farm management (e.g. Norway, Chile and other countries now have codes for salmon farming, dealing with hatchery operation, smolt production, and grow-out facilities) and other sectors are expected to follow suit. Though such Codes are non-statutory and not legally binding, to ignore them may have serious consequences for producers in respect of market (consumer) acceptance, or in terms of potential liability where damage caused by poor husbandry or inadequate management procedures has occurred.

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